Friday, February 02, 2007

Pg. 69: "In Defense of Globalization"

Jagdish Bhagwati, University Professor, Economics and Law, at Columbia University, is the author of more than three hundred articles and fifty volumes.

His latest book is In Defense of Globalization, which I asked him to put to the "page 69 test." Here is his response:
Page 69 is the second page of Chapter 6 which deals with the issue of Child Labor and whether (economic) Globalization increases it or reduces it.

It is pretty much representative of the thesis of the book that Globalization helps, rather than harms, us when it comes to a variety of "social" agendas such as reduction of child labour in the world, advancement of women's rights and economic well-being (Chapter 7), the robustness of mainstream and indigenous culture (Chapter 9), the state of our Democracy (Chapter 8), poverty in the poor countries (Chapter 5), the wages and labor standards of the unskilled in the rich countries (Chapter 10), etc.

The book is unique in dealing with these issues that are at the heart of the debate on Globalization whereas many of the others that are in the "anti-globalization" genre address (and that too without any nuances whatsoever) sideshow issues like the conditionality imposed by Bretton Woods institutions. It takes seriously the myriad worries that Globalization sets us back on several social agendas and shows systematically that, on balance, these agendas are advanced, not set back, by Globalization. In short, Globalization HAS a Human Face; it is not true that Globalization LACKS a Human Face.
Many thanks to Professor Bhagwati for his input.

Read his recent Op-Ed in the Financial Times, "Technology, not globalization, driving wages down."

Among the endorsements and reviews for In Defense of Globalization:
The new century’s major economic issue is Globalization, Yes? or Globalization, No? Columbia University’s Bhagwati, long regarded as a master economist by all trade experts, has prepared for the intelligent public an even-handed analysis of the pros and cons. Read and ponder.
--Paul Samuelson, Nobel laureate in Economics

This is the book that everyone has been waiting for. Jagdish Bhagwati thoughtfully considers the arguments of the anti-Globalization movement and shows the peril they pose to world development.
--George Akerlof, Nobel Laureate in Economics

Jagdish Bhagwati has written a brilliant book… You may not always agree with him -- I don’t -- but In Defense of Globalization is bound to become a classic.
--Richard Sennett, Professor of Sociology, London School of Economics

In Defense of Globalization is an important contribution to an often incoherent debate. As we expect from Mr. Bhagwati, it is cogently argued and well written. It sets out a persuasive case in favour of globalization. And because of Mr. Bhagwati’s impeccable credentials, there is a better chance his book will be given a fair hearing than might be the case with some other authors. Put simply, Mr. Bhagwati has “street cred.”
--Anne Krueger, Financial Times

Bhagwati combines the hard-nosed perspective of a liberal on trade and investment with the soft-hearted sensitivities of a social democrat on poverty and human welfare. He thus has an admirable ability to address patiently and sympathetically globalization’s well meaning but wrong-headed critics. This book offers a cogent, erudite and, indeed, enjoyable discussion of economic globalization and its discontents.
--Richard Cooper, Foreign Affairs

Up to now, anti-globalist works have had too much the upper hand. Many pro-globalization books are so badly argued, so keen to deploy anecdote not evidence, that they discredit their cause. So far as credentials go, note that anti-globalists would regard Joseph Stiglitz’s bestselling “Globalization and its Discontents”, published in 2002 (and not too kindly reviewed in the Economist of June 6th that year), as mostly taking their side… Mr. Bhagwati’s new book, “In Defense of Globalization”, will help to restore the balance-in sales and readers, it is to be hoped, as well as in other ways. Mr. Bhagwati has ample reserves of academic eminence: he is a pioneer in trade theory and the author of numerous scholarly works. But what matters more is that he has written an outstandingly effective book-his best popular work to date. Until further notice “In Defense of Globalization” becomes the standard general –interest reference, the intelligent layman’s handbook, on global economic integration… Balanced , compelling and thorough in its use of evidence , there is much here to make globalists and anti-globalists alike think again , and perhaps even to narrow the difference between them.
--The Economist
Previous "page 69 tests:"
Olen Steinhauer, Liberation Movements
Andrei Markovits, Uncouth Nation
Julie Kistler, Scandal
Robert Ward, Four Kinds of Rain
Tim Harford, The Undercover Economist
William Landay, The Strangler
Kate Holden, In My Skin
Brian Wansick, Mindless Eating
Noria Jablonski, Human Oddities
Ruth Scurr, Fatal Purity
Neal Pollack, Alternadad
Bella DePaulo, Singled Out
Steve Hamilton, A Stolen Season
Eric Klinenberg, Fighting for Air
Donna Moore, ...Go to Helena Handbasket
Louis Bayard, The Pale Blue Eye
Neal Thompson, Riding with the Devil
Sherry Argov, Why Men Marry Bitches
P.J. Parrish, An Unquiet Grave
Tyler Knox, Kockroach
Andrew Rehfeld, The Concept of Constituency
Laura Wiess, Such a Pretty Girl
Jeremy Blachman, Anonymous Lawyer
Andrew Pyper, The Wildfire Season
Wendy Werris, An Alphabetical Life
Laura Lippman, What the Dead Know
Meghan Daum, The Quality of Life Report
Scott Reynolds Nelson, Steel Drivin' Man
Richard Aleas, Little Girl Lost
Paul Collins, The Trouble With Tom
John McFetridge, Dirty Sweet
Michael Kazin, A Godly Hero
Bill Crider, Murder Among the OWLS
Zachary Shore, Breeding Bin Ladens
Rolf Potts, Vagabonding
Matt Haig, The Dead Fathers Club
Lawrence Light, Fear & Greed
Simon Read, In The Dark
Sandra Ruttan, Suspicious Circumstances
Henry Ansgar Kelly, Satan: A Biography
Alison Gaylin, You Kill Me
Gayle Lynds, The Last Spymaster
Jim Lehrer, The Phony Marine
Julie Phillips, James Tiptree, Jr.
Debra Ginsberg, Blind Submission
Sarah Katherine Lewis, Indecent
Peter Orner, The Second Coming of Mavala Shikongo
William Easterly, The White Man's Burden
Danielle Trussoni, Falling Through the Earth
Andrew Blechman, Pigeons
Anne Perry, A Christmas Secret
Elaine Showalter, Faculty Towers
Kat Richardson, Greywalker
Michael Bess, Choices Under Fire
Masha Hamilton, The Camel Bookmobile
Alex Beam, Gracefully Insane
Nicholas Lemann, Redemption
Jason Sokol, There Goes My Everything
Wendy Steiner, Venus in Exile
Josh Chafetz, Democracy’s Privileged Few
Anne Frasier, Pale Immortal
Michael Lewis, The Blind Side
David A. Bell, The First Total War
Brett Ellen Block, The Lightning Rule
Rosanna Hertz, Single by Chance, Mothers by Choice
Jason Starr, Lights Out
Robert Vitalis, America's Kingdom
Stephen Elliott, My Girlfriend Comes To The City And Beats Me Up
Colin McGinn, The Power of Movies
Sean Chercover, Big City, Bad Blood
Sigrid Nunez, The Last of Her Kind
Stanley Fish, How Milton Works
James Longenbach, The Resistance to Poetry
Margaret Lowrie Robertson, Season of Betrayal
Sy Montgomery, The Good Good Pig
Allison Burnett, The House Beautiful
Stephanie Coontz, Marriage, A History
Ed Lynskey, The Dirt-Brown Derby
Cindy Dyson, And She Was
Simon Blackburn, Truth
Brian Freeman, Stripped
Alyson M. Cole, The Cult of True Victimhood
Jeff Biggers, In the Sierra Madre
Jeff Broadwater, George Mason, Forgotten Founder
Alicia Steimberg, Andrea Labinger (trans.), The Rainforest
Michael Grunwald, The Swamp
Darrin McMahon, Happiness: A History
Leo Braudy, From Chivalry to Terrorism
David Nasaw, Andrew Carnegie
Leah Hager Cohen, Train Go Sorry
Chris Grabenstein, Slay Ride
David Helvarg, Blue Frontier
Marina Warner, Phantasmagoria
Bill Crider, A Mammoth Murder
Robert W. Bennett, Taming the Electoral College
Nicholas Stern et al, Stern Review Report
Kerry Emanuel, Divine Wind
Adam Langer, The Washington Story
Michael Scott Moore, Too Much of Nothing
Frank Schaeffer, Baby Jack
Wyn Cooper, Postcards from the Interior
Ivan Goncharov, Oblomov
Maureen Ogle, Ambitious Brew
Cass Sunstein, Infotopia
Paul W. Kahn, Out of Eden
Paul Lewis, Cracking Up
Pagan Kennedy, Confessions of a Memory Eater
David Greenberg, Nixon's Shadow
Duane Swierczynski, The Wheelman
George Levine, Darwin Loves You
John Barlow, Intoxicated
Alicia Steimberg, The Rainforest
Alan Wolfe, Does American Democracy Still Work?
John Dickerson, On Her Trail
Marcus Sakey, The Blade Itself
Randy Boyagoda, Governor of the Northern Province
John Gittings, The Changing Face of China
Rachel Kadish, Tolstoy Lied
Eric Rauchway, Blessed Among Nations
Tim Brookes, Guitar and other books
Ruth Padel, Tigers in Red Weather
William Haywood Henderson, Augusta Locke
Jed Horne, Breach of Faith
Robert Greer, The Fourth Perspective
David Plotz, The Genius Factory
Michael Allen Dymmoch, White Tiger
Patrick Thaddeus Jackson, Civilizing the Enemy
Tom Lutz, Doing Nothing
Libby Fischer Hellmann, A Shot To Die For
Nelson Algren, The Man With the Golden Arm
Bob Harris, Prisoner of Trebekistan
Elaine Flinn, Deadly Collection
Louise Welsh, The Bullet Trick
Gregg Hurwitz, Last Shot
Martha Powers, Death Angel
N.M. Kelby, Whale Season
Mario Acevedo, The Nymphos of Rocky Flats
Dominic Smith, The Mercury Visions of Louis Daguerre
Simon Blackburn, Lust
Linda L. Richards, Calculated Loss
Kevin Guilfoile, Cast of Shadows
Ronlyn Domingue, The Mercy of Thin Air
Shari Caudron, Who Are You People?
Marisha Pessl, Special Topics in Calamity Physics
John Sutherland, How to Read a Novel
Steven Miles, Oath Betrayed
Alan Brown, Audrey Hepburn's Neck
Richard Dawkins, The Ancestor's Tale

--Marshal Zeringue