Smilla's Sense of Snow by Peter HøegRead about another entry on the list.
This acclaimed mystery novel was made into a movie starring Julia Ormond. And its central trope is that Smilla has developed an intuition about snow, in which she understands it on a deep, visceral level. She's able to deduce or understand things by looking at snow. And the novel's McGuffin turns out to be a meteorite that crashed years earlier, and a mysterious parasite has infected several of the main characters.
Smilla's Sense of Snow is one of Elizabeth Hand's six favorite books.